中考英语语法复*--动词与动词短语

发布于:2021-08-01 17:31:27

2019 年中考英语语法复*方案 5《动词与动词短语》

【趋*舛痢

动词是英语中最核心的词类,历来是英语考试中考查频率最高、比重最大的实词,可以

说掌握好了动词,就具备了在英语考试中取得成功的基础。在选拔性的考试中,重在考查在

具体的语境中动词的辨析,主要包括同义、*义动词词义以及动词短语的辨析,是考试中的

难点之一。因此,考生在*时的英语学*中要重视对动词及动词词组的学*、理解、整理和

记忆,不断积累动词相关知识,进而在考试时做到得心应手。在单项选择中的分值在 3~5 分。预计中考关于本专题知识命题趋势如下:
(1)各地中考动词考查依旧会是热点。预计中考依然将重点考查动词及其短语的辨析, 突出语境的重要作用。

(2)自主招生考试会更多侧重于动词及短语的引申意义,突显考生对动词知识的灵活运 用和正迁移能力。

【思维引导】

精彩笔记 1 实义动词 实义动词是能独立作谓语的动词。按其句法功能可分为及物动词和不及物动词:按其持
续性可分为延续性和非延续性动词。

1.不及物动词

(1)本身意义完整,后面不需跟宾语的实义动词,叫作不及物动词。如:He is jumping.

常见不及物动词有:swim 游泳,cry 哭,stand 站,lie 躺,sit 坐,stay 停留,flow 流淌,happen

发生,rise 升起、站起,fall 掉、落下,die 死,walk 走。

(2)有些动词既可以用作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词。如:

Have you started reading? When will we start?你们开始阅读了吗,我们什么时候开始?

(3)有些不及物动词与一些别的词搭配在一起构成动词短语,它的作用就相当于一个及

物动词,也叫短语动词。主要有五种形式:动词+介词;动词+副词;动词+副词+介词;动词+名词

+介词;be+形容词+介词。

2.及物动词

及物动词术身意义不完整,需要接宾语才能使其意思完整。其结构有:

宾语 如:How long may I keep the book(宾语),这本书我可以借多久?

及物动词 + 宾语+宾语补足语 如:I saw the children(宾语)play(宾补)this afternoon.

间接宾语+直接宾语 如:Please pass me(间接宾语)the salt(直接宾语)。

核心题根 1 (1)—How's Bob now? -I hear the company

him a very good job, but he

turned it down.

A. donated

B. served

C. offered

D. introduced

思路点拨:donate“捐赠”; serve“招待”;offer“提供”;introduce“介绍”。offer sb sth

“给某人提供某物”,是固定结构。

(2) The Chinese national women's badminton team

the Japanese team by 3:1 in

India on May 24.

A. won

B. lost

C. beat

D. missed

思路点拨:win“赢得”,其后常接比赛的奖品或获得的荣誉;lose“输掉(比赛、战斗、争

论等)”;bea“t 击败,战胜”,后接表示人或团队的名词;miss“错过”。空格后的宾语 the Japanese

team 为表示团体的名词。句意为“5 月 24 日,中国国家女子羽毛球队在印度以 3:1 战胜日

本队”。

同类变式 1 (1) Parents often

their children

some good advice.

A. offer; with

B. offer; /

C. provide; with (2)(安徽中考)I don't

D. both B and C the heat, for I'm used to hot weather

A. like

B. mind

C. know

D. stand

(3) The bag was very good, and she

30 percent down for it.

A. paid

B. cost

C. bought

D. spent

方法技巧

动词是英语句子的核心,可以说“得动词,得英语”。学*动词要注意两点:

①在词汇意义上汉语与英语的思维差异。

②动词与其他词的*惯搭配。如 interest(v.使……感兴趣),其主语是 sth,而不是 sb。如:

English interests me.=I'm interested in English. 再如不同的“看”:

精彩笔记 2 及物动词(短语)+直接宾语+间接宾语 (1)英语中有些动词可以带两个宾语,这些动词大多具有“给予”的含义。如:He lent me
a book.他借给我一本书。动词后面带有表示动作结果的直接宾语(a book)和表示动作目标的 间接宾语 me。
Please tell me how the accident came about.请告诉我事故是怎样发生的。(me 为间接宾语, how 引导的宾语从句为直接宾语。)
(2)间接宾语在大多数情况下位于直接宾语之前,如果间接宾语在后,间接宾语之前必 须加“to”(表示动作对什么人而做)或“for”(表示为什么人而做)。如:
He sent me a card=He sent a card to me. She bought me a coat. =She bought a coat for me. 核心题根 2 把下列句子改为同义句。
(1)He paid the shopkeeper some money. (2)He handed me the prize. (3)The waiter brought a bottle of beer to the man. (4)He sold all his books to me. (5)The shop assistant found some curtain material for me. (6)He did me a big favour. (7)She showed her husband her new hat. (8)She promised a reward to the finder. (9)He gave his son some advice. 思路点拨:①考查双宾语的结构和用法。②及物动词(短语)+间接宾语+直接宾语=及物动 词(短语)+直接宾语+to/for 十间接宾语。

同类变式 2 改写下列句子,句子的意思不变。

(1)His uncle left him some money.

(2)He is teaching English to us.

(3)I bought this bunch of flowers for you.

(4)Bring that book to me please.

(5)He offered me a cigarette.

(6)Read me the first paragraph.

(7)I've ordered some soup for you.

(8)I owe him a lot of money.

(9)Pass the mustard to your father. 知识归纳

(1)指人的间接宾语在指物的直接宾语后面时,间接宾语前需加 for 的动词有:buy 买, find 找到 ,keep 保留,make 做,draw 画,choose 选择,save 保存,paint 用颜料画。如:I'll buy some flowers for my mother。
(2)指人的间接宾语在指物的直接宾语后面时,间接宾语前需加 to 的动词有:bring 带来, pass 递,give 给,hand 递,post 寄,return 返还,teach 教,show 出示,wish 祝愿,tell 告

诉,sell 卖,promise 许诺,read 读。 (3)什么是宾语?动作的承受者叫宾语,一般在谓语动词之后。可以充当宾语的有:名词、

代词、数词、名词化形容词与副词、不定式、动名词、介词短语、宾语从句等。

精彩笔记 3 及物动词十宾语+宾语补足语

“宾语+宾语补足语”构成了复合宾语,宾语和宾语补足语之间有逻辑上的主谓关系。 We all find him a nice boy.我们都发现他是一个不错的男孩。( him 为宾语,a nice boy 为

宾补) (1)形容词作宾语补足语,说明宾语的状态或特’}生,前面常见的动词有 make, keep, get,
find, wish, leave,see,prove,consider,set 等。 Who left the window open,谁把窗户开着的? (2)名词作宾语补足语,说明宾语的身份或情况。前面常见的动词有 call, name, make,

elect, think, find,consider 等。 They made him captain of the ship.他们选他当了船长。

(3)不定式作宾语补足语,表示宾语所代表的人和物所做的动作。 They forbade her to leave the country.他们禁止她离开这个国家。

(4)现在分词作宾语补足语表示宾语正在进行的动作,过去分词作宾语补足语表示与宾 语之间的被动关系。

I found my teacher working at the desk.我发现老师 IE 伏案工作。 He raised his voice to make himself heard.他提高声音让别人听到他(说的话)。 [拓展]常接 v. -ing 形式作宾语补足语的动词有 see, watch, hear, observe, notice, feel, find

等感官动词和 look at, listen to 等动词短语以及 have, keep, get, make 等使役动词。 (5)介词短语或副词作宾语补足语。

Please make yourself at home.请随便一点。 I found him in /out.我发现他在家/不在家。

核心题根 3 (1) The mother felt herself letter from the battlefield(战场).

cold and her hands trembled(颤抖)as she read the

A. grow

B. grown

C. to grow

D. to have grown

思路点拨:①本题考查 feel 后跟不定式作宾语补足语时省略“t0”。②句意:当这位母亲看

着战场上的来信时,感觉浑身发凉,双手颤抖。

(2) I smell something

in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute?

A. burning

B. burnt

C. being burnt

D. to be burnt

思路点拨:①考查现在分词作宾语补足语。②句意:我闻到厨房里有什么东西烧焦了。我

一分钟后再打电话给你好吗?③分析句子结构可知 something 是 smell 的宾语,而空白处的词

是 something 的补足语。something 与“burn 燃烧”之间是主动关系。现在分词作宾语补足

语,表示主动关系,且与句子的谓语同时发生,且正在进行。

(3) A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending,but the reader must not be

left

.

A. unsatisfied

B. unsatisfying

C. to be unsatisfying

D. being unsatisfied

思路点拨:①句意:一个好的故事没有必要非得有个完美的结局,但是一定不要让读者感

到不满意。②考查固定搭配。leave+宾语十宾语补足语,意为“使……处于某种状态”。形

容词、名词、现在分词都可以作宾语补足语。

同类变式 3 (1) When we saw the road

with snow,we decided to spend the holiday at

home. A. block(堵塞)

B. to block

C. blocking

D. blocked

(2) Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself

of his own

dreams.

A. reminding

B. to remind

C. reminded

D. remind

(3) What happens when you hear a strange noise at night, or find a big spider in the corner of

your bedroom? It often makes us

.

A. j ump

B. to j ump

C. jumping 方法技巧

D. jumped

(1)有些感宫动词和使役动词后跟不定式作宾语补足语时不定式符号“to”该省略。这些 词是 see, watch,look at, notice,observe, fee1, listen to, hear, make, let, help。
(2)当不定式、动名词、从句等复杂成分用作宾语且其后有宾语补足语时,通常会在宾 语补足语前使用 it 作为形式宾语,而将真正的宾语移至句末。其基本结构为“动词+it+宾语 补足语+不定式/动名词/从句”。 精彩笔记 4 延续性动词和非延续性动词
(1)非延续性动词:表示瞬间动作,动作一发生便立即结束。需要记住的单词包括:hit, jump, tap, knock, marry,close,die,arrive,post,come,fall,leave,go,come,break,find,lose, give,join,borrow,lend,become,buy,receive,start,begin,graduate,finish,sell,kill, stop 等。
(2)延续性动词:表示动作可以持续。需要记住的单词包括;read, play, talk, write, eat, drink, wait, live,work,study,walk,run,rain,snow,fly,be,have 等。
由这两类动词的性质决定,英语的瞬间动词不能在现在完成时句子中与表示一段时间的

时间状语连用。只有延续性动词才可以在现在完成时句子中与这类时间状语连用。如: Tom 和 Peter 成为朋友已经许多年了。 (误)Tom and Peter have become friends for many years. (正)Tom and Peter have been friends for many years.

他们结婚已经两年了。

(误)They have got married for two years. (正)They have been married for two years. (正)They got married two years ago. 这本书我已经借了一个星期了。

(误)I have borrowed the book for a week. (正)I have kept the book for a week.

(正)I borrowed the book a week ago. (正)It is one week since I borrowed the book.

我回家已经两个小时了。

(误)I have come back for 2 hours.

(正)I have been at home for 2 hours.

(正)I came back home 2 hours ago.

(正)It is 2 hours since I came back.

核心题根 4 (1) He

an English club last year and has improved his English a lot.

A. protected

B. produced

C. joined

D. received

思路点拨:考查动词。句意:去年,他加入了一个英语俱乐部,他的英语已经提高了许多。 protect 保护;produce 生产;join 加入;receive 收到。

(2) —How long could I —Only one day,please.

your English-Chinese dictionary?

A. keep

B. borrow

C. lend

D. get

思路点拨:①borrow 和 lend 是终止性动词,不能与表示延续性的时间状语连用。②句意:

—你的英汉词典我能借多久?—只能借一天。borrow 借入,lend 借出,get 得到,均为瞬间动

词。若要与一段时间“how long”连用,须用延续性动词,则用 keep。

同类变式 4.(1)Mr Smith

the car for one year.

A. has had

B. bought

C. has bought

D. had bought

(2)Peter and his wife

home for a week up to now.

A. have returned

B. have been back

C had returned

D. has been at

(3)Since 1948 he

his hometown.

A. has left

B. has moved away from

C. has been away from

D. has gone to

(4)His son

the league for 3 months so far.

A. joined

B. has joined

C. has been in

D. had joined

方法技巧

非延续性动词如何表达延续的意义?

(1)将句中终止性动词转换为相应的延续性动词,如:leave→be away, borrow→ keep, buy →have, begin/start→be on, die→be dead, move to→live in, finish→be over, join→be in/be a

member of, open sth→keep sth open, fall ill→be ill, catch a cold→shave a cold。 (2)将句中表示“时间段”的状语改为表示过去确定时间的状语。 (3)用句型“It is+时间段+since ...”表达。 (4)用句型“时间+has passed+since...”表达。

(5)终止性动词可用于现在完成时否定式中,成为可以延续的状态,因而可与表示时间 段的状语连用。如:He hasn't left here since 2002.
(6)终止性动词的否定式与 until/till 连用,构成“not +终止性动词+until! till ...”的句型, 意为“直到……才……”。如:You can't leave here until I arrive. 精彩笔记 5 系动词
(1)系动词+表语构成“系表结构”。

be 动词

am,is,are,was,were

表示“感觉”

look 看起来,smell 闻起来,taste 尝起来,sound 听起来,feel 摸起来

表示“变化”

become,turn,get,go,grow,fall,come,run

表示“保持,仍然” keep,remain,stay,stand,continue,lie,sit,prove

表示“似乎”

appear,seem

(2)表语:

句子成分可以分为主语、谓语、宾语、表语、定语、状语、宾语补足语、同位语、独立

成分等。其中表语用来表述主语的特征、身份和状态,位于系动词之后。能够作表语的通常

有:名词、代词、数词、形容词、副词、不定式、动名词、分词、介词短语、从句。

核心题根 5 (1) The meat on the plate

so delicious. Let's try it together.

A. smells

B. sounds

C. sees

D. feels

思路点拨:考查系动词的用法。smell 闻起来;sound 听起来;see 看见;feel 摸起来。结合句 意可知,盘子里的肉“闻起来”如此美味。故 smells 符合题意。

(2) The new sweater I bought for my grandma

soft. She likes it very much.

A. looks

B. smells

C. tastes

D. feels

思路点拨:look 看起来;smell 闻起来;taste 尝起来;feel 摸起来。结合句意可知,我给我奶 奶买的新毛衣“摸起来”很柔软,她很喜欢它。

同类变式 5 (1) The running water makes the stones

very smooth.

A. sound

B. taste

C. smell

D. feel

(2)—Do you know the song Where has the time gone?

—Sure. It

beautiful. I like it a lot.

A. smells

B. tastes

C. sounds

D. looks

(3)—What do you think of the dish I cooked for you?

—I haven't had it yet. However, it

good.

A. tastes

B. smells

C. sounds

D. feels

知识归纳

(1)be(最常用的系动词,后面可跟各式各样的表语)还可以用在很多固定短语中,如 be in,

be off, be on, be over, be through, be careful of, be keen on, be productive of, be fond of, be sure of 等。
(2)感官系动词表示“……起来”,有 feel 摸起来,感觉), smell(闻起来),sound(听起来),

taste(尝起来,吃起来)等。如:She's not feeling well this morning.今天早上她觉得不太舒服。

精彩笔记 6 几个常常容易混淆的系动词 (1)表示变化的系动词用来表示主语变成什么样,各有侧重: ① become 和 turn 后可跟名词作表语,其他则不能。如: His father became/turned a worker last year.去年他父亲成了一名工人。 ②表示天气变化,常用 get。如: It's getting dark. Let's go home.天快黑了,我们回家吧。 ③表示由一种状态转到另一种状态,常用 turn。如: His face turned pale. He must be ill.他的脸变得苍白,他一定是病了。 ④表示长高、变老,常用 grow。如: Your little sister grows much taller now.你妹妹现在长高了许多。 ⑤fa11 后面只接少数形容词,主要为 asleep, ill, vacant, silent。 ⑥go 用作系动词,在多数情况下只跟形容词,而且只能跟某些形容词。侧重向坏的方 向转变。如 mad, pale, purple, wrong, sick, blind, sour, tired, independent, white, gray, dead, hungry 等。如: I went pale at the news.听到这个消息我一下子脸色苍白。 ⑦ run 表示“变成(什么样子)”,后面主要跟一些形容词。如: My blood ran hot with excitement. run 还可以用在 run high, run low, run wild, run strong, run small, run loose, run short of, run out of 等词组中。 (2)seem: 表示“看来”“似乎”,后面可以跟: ①形容词:She seems sad today. ②分词: He seems lacking in enthusiasm. ③名词:It seems to me the best solution. ④介词短语:He seemed in low spirits. (3)stay: 表示“保持(某种状态)”,后面主要跟形容词,有时也跟介词短语或过去分词。如: I stayed single for many years.
Mother wants me to stay out of trouble.
Please stay seated. 核心题根 6 指出画线部分的单词是实义动词还是系动词。
(1)It could prove very valuable. (2)Galileo proved his theory, but earned for himself the jealousy(戒备)and d hatred(敌意)of his colleagues. (3)The flagpole stayed upright(直立的)throughout the storm. (4)Would you stay for dinner? (5)The child stood rooted(生根的,根深蒂固的). (6)The building stands 400 meters high.
(7) What has happened? The chairman appears so excited.
(8)The ship appeared suddenly out of the fog. (9)The hikers grew uneasy as nightfall(黄昏)approached. (10)David has grown a beard. I hardly recognized him at the first sight. (11) Smith looked neither annoyed nor pleased at the remark(评论). (12)The policeman looked suspiciously(怀疑地)at the man's ID.

思路点拨:考查对实义动词和系动词的分辫能力。系动词中除了 be,其他的都是兼类词, 即既可以用作实义动词,也可以用作系动词。

(1)句意:能够证实这个非常有价值。注意:prove 后接的是形容词。 (2)伽利略证实了自己的理论,但他…… prove 用的是过去式,接了宾语 his theory 。 (3)和(4) stay 用作不及物动词,意为“停留”,如 stay for dinner(留下来吃晚饭),用作系 动词表示继续处于某处状态,如 stay upright“保持直立”。 (5)和(6)stand 用作不及物动词,意为“站立、直立”,用作系动词意为“维持原状”。

(7)发生了什么事?董事长如此激动。 (8)轮船突然消失在雾中。

(9)当夜幕降临时,徒步者变得不安了。 (10)大卫留了胡子。第一眼我几乎认不出他来。

(11)面对评论,Smith 看上去既没有恼怒也没有自鸣得意。 (12)警察怀疑地看着这个男人的身份证。 同类变式 6 选择下面所给词的正确形式完成句子。 appear, fall,get,go,look,keep,remain, seem, smell,sound,turn

(1) The air

fresh after rain.

(2)The weather

hot and humid for two days.

(3)If you keep milk for too long, it

sour.

(4)The classroom

silent as the professor walked up the platform.

(5) As the game went on, David

more confident.

(6)There

to have been a mistake.

(7) Much of that long story he told us

doubtful.

(8)Promises by politicians(政治家)

just promises.

(9) Her hair

white overnight.

(10) What's the matter with Jane? She

very upset.

(11) Jane didn't want to

a fool.

(12)I hope you are

well.

方法技巧

(1)要根据上下文的意思和句子的结构来判断是否是系动词,若是不及物动词其后接的

是副词。如:—The teacher looked at her students happily when they were saved. —We also felt

happy for them.

(2)注意: ①系动词不用于进行时态和被动语态。

②几乎所有的连系动词都能接形容词作表语,但是要注意二者之间的*惯搭配。如:turn red(脸)红了,go bad(食物)变质了,fall ill 病倒了,come true(愿望)实现了等等。 精彩笔记 7 动词词义及动词短语辨析

(1)英语中动词有很多是*义或同义的。它们有的形似意不同,有的意同但用法不同, 要细心掌握它们的区别。在使用时,特别要注意具体的语言环境。在日常学*过程中要注意

小结。

动词辨析主要包括:①形状相*的动词辨析,如 lie, lay, hanged, hung, raise, rise, sit, seat 等。

②意义相*的动词辨析,如 accept, receive, arrive, get to, reach, wear, put on, have on, dress 等。

③意义不同但容易混淆的动词辨析,如 find, find out, invent, discover, uncover, take, bring, fetch, carry 等。

④常用动词*惯用法的辨析(后接双宾语或复合宾语),如 see, hear, make, get, have, find, tell, want, allow 等。
⑤中心动词构成的词组辨析,如 turn on, turn downturn off, turn over, turn upturn into 等。 ⑥动词与其他词形相似、意义相*的词的辨析,如 advice, advise, practice, practise, pass, past, choose, choice, effect, affect 等。 (2)什么是谓语: 谓语用来描述主语的行为、动作或状态。谓语的中心词是实义动词和系动词,有人称、

数和时态的变化。如: My aunt works in a hospital.(单个动词作谓语)

I go to bed at 10 o'clock every day.(动词短语作谓语) My father is reading the newspaper.(“助动词+动词”作谓语)

The boy can speak French.(“情态动词+动词”作谓语)

His words proved true.(“系动词+表语”作谓语)

核心题根 7 (1) A smile

nothing,but gives much.

A. costs

B. spends

C. cost

D. spent

思路点拨:本题考查动词的形式及*义辫析。根据主语为“物”,可确定答应为 cost,因 为 spend 的主语应为“人”,又主语为单数第三人称,所描述的形为通常情况,可知答案。

(2)—Jason, would you please

this notice? —With pleasure.

A. put on

B. put off

C. put up

D. put out

思路点拨:本题考查动词短语的辫析。put on 意为“穿上;上演;增加”,put off 意为“推

迟”,put up 意为“张贴;举起;搭建”,put out 意为“扑灭”。而句中 notice 为名词“通知;通告” 之意,根据句意可知答案。

(3)—Look! What's on the ground?

—Oh,it's my sweater. Please

.

A. pick it up

B. put in on

C. give it out

D. take it off

思路点拨:① pick up 检起;put on 穿上;give out 分发;take off 脱掉。结合本题语境可知,

我的毛衣在地上,请“把它检起来”,可知答案。

②关于“动词+副词”组成的及物动词短语的宾语要注意两点:a.名词作宾语时,既可置

于动词短语之后,又可置于动词短语之间;b.代词作宾语时,必须置于短语的中间。

同类变式 7 (1) Jane is very busy these days, for she has a lot of problems to

.

A. deal with

B. keep up with

C. agree with

D. come up with

(2)—I'll always stand by you when you are in need.

—It's nice of you. Your support is really

.

A. appreciated

B. thanked

C. helped 方法技巧

D. depended

(1)扩大词汇量。复*时不能拘泥于教材中单词和词组的表面含义,要大胆地对其深层 含义进行挖掘和理解。如:go out 除了表示“出去”外,还可以挖掘出以下含义:出国,发出 去,贴出去,下台,结束,罢工,辞职,过时,死去,消失,压塌,(火)熄灭,出去工作, 出去参加社交活动,等等。

(2)熟练掌握重点动词的用法,同义词和*义词的辨析,以便在测试语境中正确运用。 (3)熟练掌握以 break, bring, call,do, get, give, go, have, keep, make, set, take, turn, work 等 为中心词构成的词组在造句和语篇中的恰当使用。

跟踪练*

1. My mother

on knowing where we are at all times,so we have to let her know where

we are going.

A. goes

B. calls

C. insists

D. moves

2.—Don't attempt again, I'm afraid you will fail.

—The thing that

is not whether I fail or not, but whether I try or not.

A. cares

B. minds

C. matters

D. considers

3.—What did he

in college?

—Management,economics, math and several other subjects.

A. take in

B. take on

C. take up

D. take out

4. I

each of the students immediately work out a practical plan for

study.

A. expect

B. wish

C. hope

D. suggest

5. The club did more harm than good to Robert,whose bad habits were

there.

A. picked up

B. taken away

C. held up

D. made up

6. —How about your journey to Canada?

—Everything was wonderful except that our car

.

A. slowed down

B. put down

C. got down

D. broke down

7. Researchers claim to have found the first conclusive proof that watching an

advert makes you more likely to

a particular product.

A. put

B. pick

C. show

D. exchange

8. While the national flag is going up with our national song,we

our

motherland so much.

A. think of

B. look forward to

C. take pride in

D. ask for

9. Try not to cough more than you can

since it may cause problems to your lungs(肺).

A. check

B. allow

C. stop

D. help

10.At the last moment, Tom decided to

a new character to make the story seem more

likely.

A. put up

B. put in

C. put on

D. put off

11.Would you like to

with us to the film tonight?

A. come along

B. come off

C. come across

D. come through

12.The watch was very good, and he

20 percent down for it.

A. paid

B. cost

C. bought

D. spent

13. If you are in trouble,Mike is always willing to

a hand.

A. lend

B. shake

C. wave

D. want

14.I had hoped to take a holiday this year but I wasn't able to

.

A. get away

B. drop in

C. check out

D. hold on

15. Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can

almost every word her teacher

says.

A. put out

B. put down

C. put away

D. put together

16.If she doesn't want to go,nothing you can say will

her.

A. persuade

B. promise

C. invite

D. support

17.We

to paint the whole house but finished only the front part that day.

A. set about

B. set up

C. set out

D. set down

18. Parents and children should communicate more to

the gap between them so that they

can understand each other better.

A. open

B. narrow

C. widen 19. Mary,I

D. leave John of his promise to help you.

A. told

B. reminded

C. warned

D. advised

20. William found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eye-sight was beginning to

.

A. disappear

B. fall

C. fail

D. damage

21. I can

the house being untidy,but I hate it if it's not clean.

A. come up with

B. put up with

C. turn to

D. stick to

22. I

a bank account after I made $1,000 by doing a part-time job during the summer

vacation.

A. borrowed

B. opened

C. entered

D. ordered

23. She

an old friend of hers yesterday while she was shopping at the department store.

A. turned down

B. dealt with

C. took after

D. came across

24. The workers

the glasses and marked on each box "This Side Up".

A. carried

B. delivered

C. pressed

D. packed

25. My mother opened the drawer to A. put away C. put on
26. He telephoned the travel agency to A. order C. take

the knives and spoons. B. put up D. put together
three air tickets to London. B. arrange D. book

参考答案

核心题根 1:(1)C (2)C 同类变式 1:(1)D (2)B (3)A 核心题根 2:(1)He paid some money to the shopkeeper.

(2)He handed the prize to me.

(3)The waiter brought the man a bottle of beer.

(4)He sold me all his books.

(5)The shop assistant found me some curtain material.

(6)He did a big favour for me.

(7)She showed her new hat to her husband.

(8)She promised the finder a reward.

(9)He gave some advice to his son. 同类变式 2:(1)His uncle left some money to /for him.

(2)He is teaching us English.

(3)I bought you this bunch of flowers.

(4)Bring me that book please.

(5)He offered a cigarette to me.

(6)Read the first paragraph to me .

(7)I've ordered you some soup.

(8)I owe a lot of money to him.

(9)Pass your father the mustard. 核心题根 3:(1) A (2)A (3)A 同类变式 3:(1) D (2)C (3)A 核心题根 4:(1)C (2)A 同类变式 4:(1)A (2)B (3)C (4)C 核心题根 5:(1) A (2)D 同类变式 5:(1)D (2)C (3)B 核心题根 6:系动词:①③⑥⑦⑨⑩ 实义动词:②④⑤⑧⑩? 同 类 变 式 6 : (1)smelt (2)remained (3)goes (4)fell/kept

(5)got

(7)sounded (8)remain (9)went/turned 核心题根 7:(1) A (2)C (3)A 同类变式 7:(1)A (2)A 跟踪练*

(10)looks

(11)appear

(12)keeping

1-10 CCCDADBCDB 11-20 AAAABACBBC 21-26 BBDDAD

(6)seems


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